The 1963 Cordell Hull stamp is a 5 cent U.S. prepaid postage stamp. It commemorates Cordell Hull, who was the longest-serving U.S. Secretary of State. It is blue-green in color and was printed by the Bureau of Engraving and Printing by the rotary press method. Its perforations are 10 ½ x 11. The stamp was issued on October 5, 1963, in Carthage, Tennessee and there were over 131 million printed.
Cordell Hull was a lifelong statesman who held numerous positions in politics. He was born on October 2, 1871, in a log cabin in Olympus, Tennessee. His father was a farmer and later a lumber merchant. I read an article that stated that his father had allegedly killed a man over a blood feud after he was shot in the head and lost an eye. Cordell had 4 brothers and he seemed to be the only one of the 5 boys who had an interest in learning. After finishing his early education Cordell attended a normal school, which was a school for the training of teachers and later National Normal University. In 1891 he received a law degree from Cumberland University School of Law in Lebanon, Tennessee after only a one year course and began practicing law before he was 20 years old in Celing, Tennessee.
Later, he decided to run for the Tennessee State Legislature and served as a legislator from 1893-97 in the Tennessee House of Representatives. When the Spanish-American war started in 1898 he took a break from politics and was stationed in Cuba with the Tennessee Volunteer Infantry in the 4th regiment as a captain.
After the war, he resumed the practice of law and was appointed as a judge. He served in the Fifth Judicial District from 1903 to 1907 until he was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives where he served for 11 terms for a total of 22 years. The only break in that time was a loss in 1920 during which he served as the chairman of the Democratic National Committee. In 1917 he married Rose Frances Whitney and they had 6 children. In 1928 he was a candidate for President at the Democratic National Convention.
During his time in Congress, he authored the Federal Income Tax Bill (1913), the Revised Act (1916) and the Federal and State Inheritance Tax Law (1916). He was elected for the 1931-37 term as a U.S. senator but resigned due to being appointed as secretary of state by President Franklin D. Roosevelt on March 4, 1933, at the age of 62. He served as secretary of state for almost 12 years before having to resign due to ill health in 1944.
Cordell Hull served as secretary of state during World War 2 and was pivotal in many talks and negotiations. He was also a major architect in the creation of the United Nations which was created in October of 1945. His role in the creation of the United Nations was the reason he was nominated by Franklin D. Roosevelt for the Nobel Prize for Peace for which he subsequently won.
On July 23, 1955 he died in Washington, D.C. at the age of 83 years old after having several strokes and heart attacks and is buried in the Chapel of St. Joseph of Arimathea in Washington D.C.